Acarbose - API Standards

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Catalogue number: PA 01 07000
Chemical name: Acarbose

CAS Number:


Category: intermediates,pharmaceutical standards,Fine Chemicals,oligosaccharides,carbohydrates

O-4,6-Dideoxy-4-[[(1S,4R,5S,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-yl]amino]-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose; Arcabose; Ascarbose; BAY-g 5421; Glucobay; Prandase; Precose; (2R,3R,4R,5R)-4-(((2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-5-(((2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-methyl-5-(((1S,4R,5S,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-yl)amino)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)oxy)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)oxy)-2,3,5,6-tetrahydroxyhexanal; D-Glucose, O-4,6-dideoxy-4-[[[1S-(1α,4α,5β,6α)]-4,5,6-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-yl]amino]-α-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-α-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-; O-4,6-Dideoxy-4-{[(1S,4R,5S,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-yl]amino}-α-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-O-α-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-d-glucose (USP);

Molecular form: C25H43NO18
Appearance: White to Off-White Solid
Mol. Weight: 645.6
Storage: 2-8°C Hygroscopic, Refrigerator Under Inert Atmosphere
Shipping Conditions: Ambient
Applications: Acarbose is a complex oligosaccharide that acts as an inhibitor of several enzymes responsible for the breakdown of complex carbohydrates in the intestines. It inhibits both pancreatic alpha-amylase and membrane-bound alpha-glucosidases - including intestinal glucoamylase, sucrase, maltase, and isomaltase - which are responsible for the metabolism of complex starches and oligo-, tri-, and disaccharides into absorbable simple sugars.7,4 By inhibiting the activity of these enzymes, acarbose limits the absorption of dietary carbohydrates and the subsequent postprandial increase in blood glucose and insulin levels. Acarbose is therefore used in conjunction with diet, exercise, and other pharmacotherapies for the management of blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes

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